12 اسفند 1399

زهرا گرگین کرجی

مرتبه علمی: استادیار
نشانی:
تحصیلات: دکترای تخصصی / مهندسی پزشکی
تلفن:
دانشکده: دانشکده مهندسی

مشخصات پژوهش

عنوان
A multifunctional silk coating on additively manufactured porous titanium to prevent implant-associated infection and stimulate bone regeneration
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
metal 3D printing, silk fibroin, antibacterial, bone regeneration, electrophoretic deposition
پژوهشگران زهرا گرگین کرجی (نفر اول)، فاطمه جهانمرد (نفر دوم)، امیرحسین میرزایی (نفر سوم)، بارت وان در وال (نفر چهارم)، صابر امین یاوری (نفر پنجم)

چکیده

Despite tremendous progress in the design and manufacturing of metallic implants, they do not outlive the patient. To illustrate, more than half of hip replacements will fail, mainly due to implant infection and loosening. Surface engineering approaches and, in particular, coatings can facilitate implant bio-functionality via the recruitment of more host cells for new bone formation and inhibition of bacterial colonization. Here, we used electrophoretic deposition to apply a silk fibroin solution consisting of tricalcium phosphate (TCP) and vancomycin as a coating on the surface of additively-manufactured porous titanium. Furthermore, the surface properties of the coatings developed and the release kinetics of the vancomycin were studied to evaluate the applied coating. The in vitro antibacterial behavior of the multifunctional coating, as well as the cell viability and osteogenic differentiation of the MC3T3-E1 cell line were extensively studied. The biomaterials developed exhibited an antibacterial behavior with a reduction of up to four orders of magnitude in both planktonic and adherent bacteria for 6 h and 1 d. A live-dead assay, the Alamar Blue activity, the DNA content, and cytoskeleton staining demonstrated a significant increase in the cell density of the coated groups versus the as-manufactured ones. The significantly enhanced calcium deposition and the increase in mineralization for the groups with TCP after 21 and 28 d,respectively, demonstrate upregulation of the MC3T3 cells’ osteogenic differentiation. Our results collectively show that the multifunctional coating studied here can be potentially used to develop a new generation of orthopedic implants.