13 اسفند 1399

زهرا گرگین کرجی

مرتبه علمی: استادیار
نشانی:
تحصیلات: دکترای تخصصی / مهندسی پزشکی
تلفن:
دانشکده: دانشکده مهندسی

مشخصات پژوهش

عنوان
Simultaneous Delivery of Multiple Antibacterial Agents from Additively Manufactured Porous Biomaterials to fully Eradicate Planktonic and Adherent Staphylococcus aureus
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
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پژوهشگران صدرا بخشنده (نفر اول)، ا فلویت (نفر اول)، زهرا گرگین کرجی (نفر دوم)، ک لی تیرت (نفر سوم)، س بول (نفر پنجم)، ه وجلی (نفر ششم به بعد)، ت ورموندن (نفر ششم به بعد)، ا هنینک (نفر ششم به بعد)، ا وینانس (نفر ششم به بعد)، امیر ازاد ژور (نفر ششم به بعد)، اس امین یاوری (نفر ششم به بعد)

چکیده

Implant-associated infections are notoriously difficult to treat and may even result in amputation and death. The first few days after surgery is the most critical time to prevent those infections preferably through full eradication of the micro-organisms entering the body peri-operatively. That is particularly important for patients with a compromised immune system such as orthopaedic oncologic patients, as they are at higher risk for infection and complications. Full eradication of bacteria is, especially in a biofilm, extremely challenging due to the toxicity barrier that prevents us from delivering high doses of antibacterial agents. This study aimed to use the potential synergistic effects of multiple antibacterial agents to prevent the use of toxic levels of these agents and achieve full eradication of planktonic and adherent bacteria. Silver ions and vancomycin were therefore simultaneously delivered from additively manufactured highly porous titanium implants with an extremely high surface area incorporating a bactericidal coating made from chitosan and gelatine applied by lectrophoretic deposition (EPD). The presence of the chitosan/gelatin (Ch+Gel) coating, Ag, and vancomycin (Vanco) was confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The release of vancomycin and silver ions continued for at least 21 days as measured by inductively coupled plasma (ICP) and UVspectroscopy. Antibacterial behavior against Staphylococcus aureus, both planktonic and in biofilm, was evaluated for up to 21 days. The Ch+Gel coating showed some bactericidal behavior on its own, while the loaded hydrogels (Ch+Gel+Ag and Ch+Gel+Vanco) achieved full eradication of both planktonic and adherent bacteria without causing significant levels of toxicity. Combining silver and vancomycin improved the release profiles of both agents and revealed a synergistic behavior that further increased the bactericidal effects