May 24, 2024
Shoaib Khanmohammadi

Shoaib Khanmohammadi

Academic rank: Associate professor
Address: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kermanshah University of Technology, Kermanshah, Iran
Education: Ph.D in Mechanical Engineering
Phone: 0833-8305001
Faculty: Faculty of Engineering

Research

Title
A new design of solar tower system amplified with a thermoelectric unit to produce distilled water and power
Type Article
Keywords
Exergy analysis Heliostat Solar tower Freshwater Reverse osmosis Thermoelectric
Researchers Shoaib Khanmohammadi، Hooman Abdi Chaghakaboodi، Farayi Musharavati

Abstract

In this paper, a new design of a solar tower system boosted with a thermoelectric generator (TEG) for power generation and distilled water production, is proposed and investigated. The suggested system includes a solar tower unit with atmospheric air as heat transfer fluid, a helium Brayton cycle, two organic Rankin cycles (ORCs) with R-123 as working fluid, thermoelectric generator, and reverse osmosis (RO) desalination unit. The systems under investigation are the gas turbine-helium Brayton system (GT-HBS) as the primary system and the gas turbine-helium Brayton system integrated with TEG and RO (GT-HBS/TEG-RO) as the proposed system. A new aspect of the present work is the waste heat recovery using TEG modules to enhance the performance. Analysis indicates that the energy efficiency of GT-HBS and GT-HBS/TEG-RO systems is 43.88% and 62.44% and the exergy efficiency of GT-HBS/TEG-RO is 20.23 % higher than the GT-HBS. Additionally, the results show that employing TEGs in the primary system leads to the net output power, energy, and exergy efficiencies increment about 941 kW, 3.7%, and 5.28%, respectively. Based on the parametric analysis with an increasing inlet temperature of the gas turbine, the net output power, energy, and exergy efficiencies, and volume flow rate of the freshwater increase. Furthermore, the increment of the direct normal irradiation leads to the energy and exergy efficiencies enhancement. Besides, raising compressor pressure ratio, the net output power, energy, and exergy efficiencies first increase intensively then decrease gradually. The analysis of the new proposed system can be helpful to the system designers to create new system arrangements with higher performance.