May 27, 2024

Parisa Daraei

Academic rank: Assistant professor
Education: Ph.D in Applied Chemistry
Faculty: Faculty of Engineering


Carbon nanostructures for advanced nanocomposite mixed matrix membranes: a comprehensive overview
Type Article
carbon nanostructures; carbon nanotubes; mixed matrix membrane; nanocomposites; nano graphene oxides
Researchers Ehsan Salehi، Farhad Heidary، Parisa Daraei، Mohammad Keyhani، Milad Behjomanesh


The highly progressive membrane separation technology challenges conventional separation processes such as ion exchange, distillation, precipitation, solvent extraction, and adsorption. The integration of many desired properties such as low energy consumption, high removal efficiency, affordable costs, suitable selectivity, acceptable productivity, ease of scale-up, and being environmentally friendly have made the membranes capable of being replaced with other separation technologies. Combination of membrane technology and nanoscience has revolutionized the nano-engineered materials, e.g. nanocomposites applied in advanced membrane processes. Polymer composites containing carbon nanostructures are promising choices for membrane fabrication owing to their enhanced chemistry, morphology, electromagnetic properties, and physicochemical stability. Carbon nanostructures such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs), nano graphene oxides (NGOs), and fullerenes are among the most popular nanofillers that have been successfully applied in modification of polymer membranes. Literature review shows that there is no comprehensive overview reporting the modification of mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) using carbon nanofibers, nano-activated carbons, and carbon nanospheres. The present overview focuses on the applications of carbon nanostructures mainly CNTs and NGOs in the modification of MMMs and emphasizes on the application of CNTs and NGO particles.