May 27, 2024

Parisa Daraei

Academic rank: Assistant professor
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Education: Ph.D in Applied Chemistry
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Faculty: Faculty of Engineering

Research

Title
Polyethersulfone nanofiltration membrane embedded by chitosan nanoparticles: Fabrication, characterization and performance in nitrate removal from water
Type Article
Keywords
Nanofiltration membrane Chitosan nanoparticles Nitrate removal Permeability
Researchers Negin Ghaemi، Parisa Daraei

Abstract

In this research, chitosan nanobiopolymers (CS-NPs) were synthesized using tripoly phosphate and transferred into the organic solvent via solvent exchange method. Different amounts of chitosan nanopolymers were embedded into the polyethersulfone (PES) membrane prepared by phase inversion precipitation method. The membranes were employed for nitrate removal from water under various solution pHs (4.5, 7.0 and 9.0). Scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, porosity, water contact angle and pure water flux measurements were employed to characterize the fabricated membranes. Addition of chitosan nanoparticles into the membrane matrix increased the water permeability from 13 for pristine membrane to 22 kg/m2 h for modified membrane with 0.2 wt.% nanopolymer. However, the application of CS-NPs more than 0.4 wt.% led to membranes with a compact matrix and dense structure, thereby reducing water permeation even lower than PES. At all tested solution pHs, nitrate removal efficiency was significantly improved in comparison with pristine PES at as a result of adsorptive properties of chitosan biopolymer. The complete nitrate removal (100%) was achieved at acidic pH due to protonation of amine groups of CS-NPs creating positive charge on the membrane surface.