August 9, 2022
Gholam Hossein Roshani

Gholam Hossein Roshani

Academic rank: Associate professor
Education: Ph.D in Nuclear Engineering
Faculty: Faculty of energy


Online measuring density of oil products in annular regime of gas-liquid two phase flows
Type Article
Density,Oil products,Gamma ray,Nuclear gauges, Artificial neural network
Researchers Gholam Hossein Roshani، sobhan roshani، Ehsan Nazemi، saeed roshani


Gamma-ray densitometry is widely implemented in oil industry because it is an online technique and also has a good precision. If there is single phase flow in oil pipelines, measuring the density is possible just by using one source and one detector. But if in addition to oil, there is gas in oil pipelines and in fact there is a two-phase flow, conventional gamma ray densitometry (one source and one detector) could not be used for determining the density of liquid phase. In this study, a novel method is proposed for online measuring density of liquid phase in annular regime of liquid-gas two-phase flows using dual modality densitometry technique and artificial neural network (ANN). An experimental setup was designed in order to provide the required input data for training and testing the network. Registered counts in both scattering and transmission detectors were used as the inputs of the ANN and density of liquid phase was used as the output of the ANN. Using the proposed methodology, density of liquid phase was predicted with error of less than 0.031 g/cm−3 in annular regime of gas-liquid two phase flows for void fractions in the range of 10–70 percentages.