August 9, 2022
Gholam Hossein Roshani

Gholam Hossein Roshani

Academic rank: Associate professor
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Education: Ph.D in Nuclear Engineering
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Faculty: Faculty of energy

Research

Title
Application of Wavelet Feature Extraction and Artificial Neural Networks for Improving the Performance of Gas–Liquid Two-Phase Flow Meters Used in Oil and Petrochemical Industries
Type Article
Keywords
wavelet; feature extraction; two-phase; flow measurement
Researchers siavash hoseini، Osman Taylan، Mona Abusurrah، Thangarajah Akilan، Ehsan Nazemi، Ehsan Eftekhari zadeh، Farheen Bano، Gholam Hossein Roshani

Abstract

Measuring fluid characteristics is of high importance in various industries such as the polymer, petroleum, and petrochemical industries, etc. Flow regime classification and void fraction measurement are essential for predicting the performance of many systems. The efficiency of multiphase flow meters strongly depends on the flow parameters. In this study, MCNP (Monte Carlo N-Particle) code was employed to simulate annular, stratified, and homogeneous regimes. In this approach, two detectors (NaI) were utilized to detect the emitted photons from a cesium-137 source. The registered signals of both detectors were decomposed using a discrete wavelet transform (DWT). Following this, the low-frequency (approximation) and high-frequency (detail) components of the signals were calculated. Finally, various features of the approximation signals were extracted, using the average value, kurtosis, standard deviation (STD), and root mean square (RMS). The extracted features were thoroughly analyzed to find those features which could classify the flow regimes and be utilized as the inputs to a network for improving the efficiency of flow meters. Two different networks were implemented for flow regime classification and void fraction prediction. In the current study, using the wavelet transform and feature extraction approach, the considered flow regimes were classified correctly, and the void fraction percentages were calculated with a mean relative error (MRE) of 0.4%. Although the system presented in this study is proposed for measuring the characteristics of petroleum fluids, it can be easily used for other types of fluids such as polymeric fluids.