June 22, 2024
Abbas Rezaei

Abbas Rezaei

Academic rank: Assistant professor
Education: Ph.D in Electrical engineering
Phone: 083-38305001
Faculty: Faculty ofٍٍ Electrical Engineering


The feasibility of PSO–ANFIS in estimating bearing capacity of strip foundations rested on cohesionless slope
Type Article
Particle swarm optimization Fuzzy inference system FEM simulation Strip footings Bearing capacity
Researchers Hossein Moayedi، Abbas Rezaei


This study aimed to assess particle swarm optimization (PSO) optimized with an adaptive network-based fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) for the prediction of the ultimate bearing capacity of strip footing resting on a sloping crest. To make datasets, a 2524 finite element model (FEM) simulation analysis was performed. In this sense, the k-fold validation technique selected for the selection of the testing and validation purposes. Also, the variables of the ANFIS algorithm (i.e., the number of clusters), and the PSO algorithm (the population size were optimized using a series of trial and error process. The second main objective of the current study was to assess the applicability of PSO–ANFIS in estimating the ultimate bearing capacity of the strip footing resting on a single cohesionless slope when it was subjected to an external vertical applied stress. The input parameters were the soil properties (Stype) (classified into five different classes from the weakest, shown as S1, to the strongest type, displayed in higher order), slope angle (β), setback distance ratio (b/B) (the distance of the footing from the slope crest to the footing width), and vertical settlement (Uy) of the footing, while the main output was the applied vertical stresses (Fy) that can be applied on the footing. Note that the ultimate bearing capacity (Fult) is the maximum vertical stress when Uy = 0.1 B. A thorough comparison between the measured FEM simulations, the proposed ANFIS and PSO–ANFIS models were carried out to demonstrate their effectiveness in predicting a reliable Fult resting on cohesionless slopes.