July 22, 2024

Ali Akbar Akhtari

Academic rank: Assistant professor
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Education: Ph.D in -
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Faculty: Faculty of Engineering

Research

Title
Flow separation control in open-channel bends
Type Article
Keywords
Researchers Omid Seyedashraf، Ali Akbar Akhtari

Abstract

The investigation of fluid flow in sharp open-channel bends is key to controlling undesired sedimentation in natural river reaches. The difficulties are associated with controlling the flow separation in meanderings. Flow separation decreases the width of the flow, and consequently, the conveyance capacity while increasing erosion and mixing. This study proposes a novel approach to reduce the flow separation at the inner banks of sharp open-channel bends. Three-dimensional numerical experiments were conducted. To find the most reliable procedure, five turbulence models were examined. The employed numerical approach is formulated within the framework of the finite volume method and the volume of fluid (VOF) technique to solve the Navier–Stokes equations. Water levels and velocity profiles are obtained in different sections of the channel and are compared to experimental studies of a 90° sharp open-channel bend. A close agreement is observed using the RSM (Reynolds stress model) turbulence model. Moreover, the evaluation of acquired velocity profiles demonstrates that in a regular bend, the lowest velocity occurs near the inner bank, where it has a flow separation tendency. The same numerical procedure is employed to simulate water flow through a sharp converging open-channel bend. The measurements of velocity profiles and velocity vectors in the curved sections support the idea that decreasing the channel width considerably reduces the overall velocity variations in cross-sectional areas of the test case and is effective to control flow separation.