28 خرداد 1403
حامد رشيدي

حامد رشیدی

مرتبه علمی: دانشیار
نشانی: دانشگاه صنعتی کرمانشاه، دانشکده مهندسی، گروه مهندسی شیمی
تحصیلات: دکترای تخصصی / مهندسی شیمی
تلفن: 1169
دانشکده: دانشکده مهندسی

مشخصات پژوهش

عنوان
A green vapor suppressing agent for aqueous ammonia carbon dioxide capture solvent: Microcontactor mass transfer study
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Mass transfer coefficient Carbon dioxide Glycerol Aqueous ammonia Microcontactor
پژوهشگران حامد رشیدی (نفر اول)، پروانه رسولی (نفر دوم)، حسین عظیمی (نفر سوم)

چکیده

Aqueous ammonia is a promising carbon dioxide capture solvent and has recently attracted significant attention, but its main problem is high evaporation rate of ammonia in the absorber. Glycerol, which is a by-product of biodiesel, has hydroxyl groups that bind to ammonia molecules. Hence, it can reduce the vaporization of ammonia as an additive and improve the CO2 absorption properties. In this work, the mass transfer performance of glycerol, as an ammonia vaporization reduction additive, was investigated. Carbon dioxide absorption experiments using ammonia-glycerol hybrid solvent have been done in a T-shaped microchannel. The impact of process condition, including ammonia concentration (4–10 wt%), glycerol concentration (1–3 wt%), liquid flow rate (3–9 ml/min) and temperature (20–40 °C) was investigated on the volumetric overall mass transfer coefficient (KGaV), absorption percentage (AP) and volumetric molar flux (NAaV). According to the results, rising the glycerol concentration in the range of 2–3 wt% leads to an increase in KGaV by 4.8%. Hence, the addition of glycerol to aqueous ammonia not only increases the mass transfer coefficient but also reduces the vapor pressure of ammonia as a green vapor suppressing agent and diminishes the ammonia loss in the absorption tower.