June 18, 2024
Majid Mohadesi

Majid Mohadesi

Academic rank: Associate professor
Address: Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engeenring, Kermanshah University of Technology (KUT), Imam Khomeini Highway, Kermanshah, Iran
Education: Ph.D in Chemical Engineering
Phone: 083-38305000 (1167, 1025)
Faculty: Faculty of Engineering

Research

Title
Biodiesel production from Norouzak (Salvia leriifolia) oil using choline hydroxide catalyst in a microchannel reactor
Type Article
Keywords
Biodiesel; Norouzak oil; Basic ionic liquid; Microchannel reactor; Transesterification
Researchers Ali Gholami، Fthollah Pourfayaz، Ahmad Hajinezhad، Majid Mohadesi

Abstract

Nowadays, in most industrial units, biodiesel is produced through transesterification of edible oil and methanol using homogeneous basic catalysts in stirred-tank reactors. The drawbacks of this method include the high cost of feedstock, long reaction time, high energy consumption, and excessive wastewater production. The present study investigated an alternative process, in which biodiesel was produced from indigenous, inedible Norouzak (Salvia leriifolia) oil in the presence of choline hydroxide (ChOH) as an ionic liquid catalyst in a microchannel reactor. Taking into account catalyst concentration, methanol-to-oil volume ratio, and reaction time as the independent variables, Response Surface Methodology (RSM) with a Box-Behnken experimental design was used to determine the optimal reaction efficiency as the response. An efficiency of 93.36% was predicted by the model for a catalyst concentration of 6.11 wt%, methanol-to-oil volume ratio of 0.37, and reaction time of 12.48 min. By conducting experiments under these conditions, an efficiency of 96.8% was obtained. In comparison with the results of previous studies in which ChOH was used as the transesterification catalyst, employing the microchannel reactor in this study reduced the reaction time to less than 0.1 that of a mechanical stirrer. Moreover, the energy consumption was 32 times lower than that of a mechanical stirrer. The use of ChOH instead of KOH in a microchannel reactor increased efficiency by 1.9–4.9%. Compared to heterogeneous catalysts, ChOH can reduce the catalyst and alcohol consumption by at least 29% and 30%, respectively.