April 19, 2024
Babak Aghel

Babak Aghel

Academic rank: Associate professor
Address: Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Energy, Kermanshah University of Technology (KUT), Imam Khomeini Highway, Kermanshah, Iran
Education: Ph.D in Chemical Engineering
Phone: 083-38305000 (1168)
Faculty: Faculty of Engineering

Research

Title
Using solar microreactors and photocatalysts to synthesize biodiesel
Type Article
Keywords
Glass microreactorBiodieselTransesterificationPhotocatalyst
Researchers Babak Aghel، Arash Biabani

Abstract

This paper investigates the transesterification of waste cooking oil using TiO2, CuO, and GO as catalysts in solar plain and helical glass microreactors. Catalyst properties were determined through XRD, SEM, and FT-IR analyses. Response surface methodology was employed to optimize biodiesel production, with GO catalyst and helical microreactor proving most effective due to their unique geometry. The highest biodiesel purity was achieved with GO at 99.98%, followed by TiO2 at 95.78% and CuO at 93.55%, all with a 3% catalyst dose, 200 s residence time, and oil-to-methanol volume ratio of 2. The study utilized solar energy and glass microreactors, resulting in a 94% reduction in energy consumption.