April 19, 2024
Babak Aghel

Babak Aghel

Academic rank: Associate professor
Address: Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Energy, Kermanshah University of Technology (KUT), Imam Khomeini Highway, Kermanshah, Iran
Education: Ph.D in Chemical Engineering
Phone: 083-38305000 (1168)
Faculty: Faculty of Engineering


Optimization of microreactor-assisted transesterification for biodiesel production using bimetal zirconium-titanium oxide doped magnetic graphene oxide heterogeneous nanocatalyst
Type Article
Double layered heterogeneous catalyst Microreactor Titanium zirconium oxide Magnetic graphene oxide Optimization
Researchers Binta Hadi Jume، Ehsan Parandi، Mehran Nouri، Babak Aghel، Ashkan Gouran، Hamid Rashidi Nodeh، Jinwoo Cho Jinwoo Cho، Hesam kamyab، Shahabaldin Rezania


The application of novel heterogeneous catalyst materials with unique physicochemical properties for the production of biodiesel can increase the sustainability of the process. In this study, a novel heterogeneous nanocatalyst (NCT) was developed and improved using a microreactor for biodiesel production from used cooking oil (UCO). The NCT was developed based on double-layered bimetal titanium-zirconium oxide nanoparticles (NPs) incorporated over magnetic graphene oxide (ZrO2-TiO2@MGO) using a simple hydrothermal method. The physiochemical morphology of newly developed NCT materials of ZrO2-TiO2 NPs and ZrO2-TiO2@MGO was investigated using FESEM, FTIR, VSM, XRD, and EDX. The effects of several independent variables, including residence duration (60–180 s), oil/methanol molar ratio (1–3), and catalyst concentration (1–5 wt.%) on biodiesel production yield were optimized. The optimum reaction conditions in the microreactor-intensified transesterification process were the ZrO2-TiO2@MGO concentration of 4.75 wt.% (oil-based), reaction duration of 180 s, and oil/ methanol ratio of 2.33. The designed microreactor-assisted ZrO2-TiO2@MGO provided a conversion rate of 99.32%. Consequently, the results revealed that the microreactor effectively shortens the transesterification time while producing a high rate of biodiesel.