30 خرداد 1403
امين شهسوارگلدانلو

امین شهسوارگلدانلو

مرتبه علمی: استادیار
نشانی: دانشگاه صنعتی کرمانشاه - دانشکده مهندسی - گروه مهندسی مکانیک
تحصیلات: دکترای تخصصی / مهندسی مکانیک
تلفن:
دانشکده: دانشکده مهندسی

مشخصات پژوهش

عنوان
Nanofluid-PCM heat sink for building integrated concentrated photovoltaic with thermal energy storage and recovery capability
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Phase change material Concentrated photovoltaic Heat sink Passive cooling Active cooling
پژوهشگران سعید رحمانیان (نفر اول)، حسین رحمانیان کوشکی (نفر دوم)، پوریا امیدوار (نفر سوم)، امین شهسوارگلدانلو (نفر چهارم)

چکیده

A new configuration of phase change material (PCM) heat sink has been developed to be combined with a building integrated concentrated photovoltaic (BICPV) system. This new proposed system includes PCM encapsulated in aluminum pack and immersed in nanofluid container to improve thermal conductivity. A comprehensive numerical model was validated and simulated to evaluate thermal and electrical performance of the proposed system for both passive and active cooling conditions. Two different configurations of nanofluid- PCM enclosures with single PCM pack or multi-smaller packs were compared with conventional BICPV-PCM system. Melting and solidification of PCM were also studied with solar concentration ratio of 5. In passive cooling, single-pack configuration regulated the silicon temperature of CPV below 78 ◦C with more uniform temperature distribution. Whereas the multi-packs configuration demonstrated 97% phase transition to liquid PCM which provided the highest stored thermal energy. The performance improvement would be attributed to the enhancement of thermal conductivity and natural convection of nanofluid in PCM container. Furthermore, in active cooling condition, the silicon temperature controlled under 43 ◦C with uniform distribution. The nanofluid flow could be solidified up to 97% and 90% of initially melted PCM after 60 min for multi-packs and single-pack configurations, respectively.